Test yourself

Read the description of Donoghue v Stevenson case below and use the verbs in brackets in the correct Simple Past or Past Participle form.

On the evening of Sunday 26 August 1928 May Donoghue, née M’Alister, (get) (1 p.) on a tram in Glasgow for the thirty-minute journey to Paisley. At around ten minutes to nine, she and a friend (take) (1 p.) their seats in the Wellmeadow Café in the town's Wellmeadow Place. They were (approach) (1 p.) by the café owner, Francis Minchella, and Donoghue's friend (order) (1 p.) and (pay) (1 p.) for a pear and ice and an ice-cream drink. The owner (bring) (1 p.) the order and (pour) (1 p.) part of a bottle of ginger beer into a glass containing ice cream. Donoghue (drink) (1 p.) some of the contents and her friend (lift) (1 p.) the bottle to pour the remainder of the ginger beer into the glass. It was (claim) (1 p.) that the remains of a snail in a state of decomposition (plop) (1 p.) out of the bottle into the glass. Donoghue later (complain) (1 p.) of stomach pain and her doctor (diagnose) (1 p.) her as having gastroenteritis and being in a state of severe shock.

On 9 April 1929, Donoghue (bring) (1 p.) an action against David Stevenson, an (aerate) (1 p.) water manufacturer in Paisley, in which she (claim) (1 p.) £500 as £500 as damages for injuries (sustain) (1 p.) by her through drinking ginger beer which had been (manufacture) (1 p.) by the defendant. The case was ultimately (settle) (1 p.) out of court.

The above case is one of the most famous cases in the history of tort law. Tort law is the name given to a body of law that addresses, and provides remedies for, civil wrongs not arising out of contractual obligations. A person who suffers legal damages may be able to use tort law to receive compensation from someone who is legally responsible, or "liable," for those injuries. Generally speaking, tort law defines what constitutes a legal injury and establishes the circumstances under which one person may be held liable for another's injury. Torts cover intentional acts and accidents.