Test yourself

Read the text and fill in the gaps with the missing prepositions.

Strict liability

Strict liability makes a person responsible (1 p.) the damage and loss caused (1 p.) his acts or omissions (1 p.) having to prove negligence. Today strict liability is mostly associated (1 p.) defectively manufactured products.

If you've been injured (1 p.) a faulty or defective product, or shoddy manufacturing, your lawyer will help you file a lawsuit (1 p.) a strict liability tort that will target the manufacturer of the defective product. In this case, your lawyer may even try to contact other victims and file a class action suit (1 p.) an irresponsible company. Injured plaintiffs have to prove that the product caused the harm but do not have to prove how the manufacturer was careless.


Most any lawsuit filed for a personal injury is going to fall (1 p.) tort law. In tort cases, the main goal is to collect money, also called damages, to recover (1 p.) lost income, to account (1 p.) pain and suffering, and to reimburse (1 p.) any medical expenses that the victim has incurred as a result of their injury. In a few personal injury lawsuits, the claimants seek something other than money, sometimes imprisonment (1 p.) the defendant, although this is rare.

When an individual suffers some harm or injury which is recognized by society (1 p.) a wrongful act, the court will grant remedies in order to compensate or redress the damage.

There are four basic types of judicial remedies:

1.  restitution

2.  rescission

3.  coercive remedies: injunction and decree of specific performance

4.  damages: compensatory and punitive.