Test yourself

Fill in the gaps with the following words:
executive; Parliamentary; judiciary; judiciary; executive; branches; judiciary; legislature; executive; prime; legislature; Cabinet; partial; independent; governance; legislature; tripartite; separation;

Democratic states follow the model of (1 p.) , which originated in ancient times and was developed by French political philosopher of the enlightment era - Baron de Montesquieu, known as (1 p.) separation of powers. Under this model, the state is divided into (1 p.) or estates, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility. The normal division of estates is into the (1 p.) , the (1 p.) , and the (1 p.) . Separation of powers is believed to protect liberty and democracy, and avoid tyranny.
However, no democratic system exists with an absolute (1 p.) of powers or an absolute lack of separation of powers. (1 p.) democracies, e.g. Poland, do not have distinct separation of powers but rather (1 p.) . The executive (often a (1 p.) minister) and the (1 p.) ("government") are drawn from the legislature (parliament). Although the legislative and executive branches are connected, in parliamentary systems there is usually an (1 p.) judiciary.